IELTS Actual Test 03/03/2018 - Đề thi chính thức và đáp án phần Writing IELTS tại IDP ngày 03/03/2018

IELTS Actual Test 03/03/2018 - Đề thi chính thức và đáp án phần Writing IELTS tại IDP ngày 03/03/2018

Task 1:

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart below shows the results of a survey conducted by a personnel department at a major company. The survey was carried out on two groups of workers: those aged from 18-30 and those aged 45-60, and shows factors affecting their work performance.

 

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

You should write at least 150 words.

 

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The findings of a study detailing ten key motivators that could affect how both 18-30 and 45-60-year-old employees performed are depicted in the bar chart. Overall, the most significant factor for the younger age group was personal development opportunity, whereas among the older generation, income stood out as being the most important.

When looking at the largest contrasts between the age groups, the chance to develop personally and a relaxed environment showed the most significant variations, being highlighted by 90% and 80% of the younger staff respectively, but less than half as many 45 to 60 year olds. The opportunity to gain promotions was also highly valued by the younger group (approximately 80 per cent), however this figure fell by around a third for the older personnel. Lastly, job security was low-priority, but was significant to twice the percentage of people aged 18 to 30.

Moving to analyse the criteria that showed similar or equal results, salary at 70%, and job satisfaction at 50%, mattered to slightly more people in the 18-to-30 group. Although the differences were slight, the only factors that were likely to affect the older group more than their younger counterparts were having a competent manager (around 50 per cent) and gaining respect from their co-workers (roughly 45%). Finally, sixty per cent of both groups identified team spirit as important, and approximately a third of all staff focussed on their environment at work.

 

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Task 2: Some people think that newly built houses should follow the style of the old houses in the local areas. Others think that people should have freedom to build houses of their own style. Discuss and give opinion.

The design of architecture in different regions is often a topic of debate. While many people claim that they should be free to construct new buildings in any style they choose, I would argue that the architectural feel of an area needs to be protected.

 

There is a common belief that modern constructions should not be too tightly controlled. The principal argument is that if an individual is going to finance a new house, they should have the freedom to make decisions about its form and function. Therefore, they see overly strict building regulations as unfair. In addition, many people believe that they have a social responsibility to create more efficient buildings. They maintain that insulation and energy efficiency are vital considerations, however, gains in these areas can be made more difficult when limited to old-fashioned trends.

 

In contrast, I am convinced that new developments should reflect the existing style of housing in an area. This is primarily because architecture is one of the main factors that affect the character of a town or city. Without regulation, the identity of an area would quickly be lost. This could be particularly problematic if, for example, an area was popular with tourists and had come to rely on the industries built around them. Additionally, traditional styles of housing tend to foster a sense of community. As a result, issues such as antisocial behaviour and crime are often lower than in areas where residents feel isolated by high-rise tower blocks.

 

To conclude, although it is frequently argued that architects should be allowed to design contemporary houses in a variety of styles, from my point of view the appearance of an area’s houses should be maintained. 

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