IELTS Actual Test 13/01/2018 - Đề thi Writing IELTS chính thức tại IDP ngày 13/01/2018

IELTS Actual Test 13/01/2018 - Đề thi Writing IELTS chính thức tại IDP ngày 13/01/2018

Task 1:

The table below shows the primary funding sources of international students in the US during the years 2003/04 and 2013/14. Write a 150-word report for a university lecturer describing the data and make comparisons where relevant.

 

test

 

Answer:

The diagram reveals the main source of funding for international learners during 2003/4 and 2013/14 in the United States. Overall, the vast majority of student's primary funding came from personal and family sources in both periods.

To begin, in 2003/4, 67%, or approximately 385,000 out of 572,000 students received their primary funding from personal/family sources followed by 23% or about 134,000, from U.S. university aid. Foreign governments/universities and current employers were at the bottom of the list at about 2% each, or about 13,500 and 10,000, respectively.

Turning to 2013/14, personal and family sources still dominated the list for primary sources of funding with 65% or approximately 574,000 out of 886,000 pupils. Again this was followed by U.S. university/college funding at 19% or about 171,000. Foreign governments/universities and current employers trailed these at 7% and 6% or just over 66,000 and 49,000 respectively.

In regards to percent of change from 2003/4 and 2013/4, it can be seen that sources of funding from current employers and foreign governments/universities grew remarkably by 390% and 383%, correspondingly, while personal/family sources stayed nearly the same and US university funding decreased from 23% to 19% of the total.

 

Overall

9.0

Task Achievement

9

Coherence and Cohesion  9

Lexical Resource

9

Grammatical Range and Accuracy    9

 

All aspects of task achievement are fully met. There is a clear overview that is well-supported through the report [the vast majority of student’s primary funding came from personal and family sources].

Cohesion is managed in such a way to attract no attention. Paragraphing is skillfully managed with a wide range of cohesive devices [both periods | at about 2% each | Turning to 2013/2014].

There is a wide range of vocabulary used with full flexibility and precision [dominated the list | trailed | grew remarkably | stayed nearly the same]. There were only minor slips [percent of change].

Grammatical structures are wide in range and used with very high control [this was followed by US…funding | while personal/family sources stayed nearly the same | university funding decreased]. Only very minor errors are noted [student’s].

 

Task 2: People living in large cities face many problems today. What are these problems? Should the government encourage people to live in small towns or rural areas?

 

Answer:

Urbanization is a growing issue and citizens living in metropolises are facing pressing issues. In this essay I am going to analyze these problems and show that states and governing bodies should find ways to incentivize people to relocate some of them into rural areas.

There are a number of issues that people face living in modern cities. First, they are overcrowded and everyone has less space. This is simply how cities are designed and in my experience I have to adjust to this when living in urban areas. Another conundrum is pollution as cities have more factories and transportation than other rural areas. People have to inhale more vehicle exhaust due to the number of cars and motorbikes as well as the close quarters that they are moving in.  Furthermore, due to the economic opportunities that cities provide, most people currently have little choice but to live and work in them. My parents moved to the city many years ago so that they could earn an adequate salary and provide a higher quality life for our family.

While large numbers of people living in cities poses problems, there are some intelligent solutions. Governing bodies should begin to actively help relocate high tech workers from urban areas to rural areas to help mitigate this problem. Many high tech jobs can be performed from a computer and those occupations ought to be encouraged and incentivized to locate to sparsely populated regions. Tax money could be used to help facilitate this and companies could be given tax incentives to comply with this urgent societal need.

In conclusion, cities face quandaries such as being overcrowded and polluted due to population pressure and authorities should help resolve this by concentrating efforts towards relocating some of the high tech workers to rural areas. If this can be accomplished, both urban and rural areas may benefit significantly.

 

Overall

8.5

Task Response

8

Coherence and Cohesion  9

Lexical Resource

9

Grammatical Range and Accuracy    9

 

All aspects of the task are addressed sufficiently, with a well-developed position. There could be a greater emphasis on solutions to solve pollution, which prevented a Band 9 rating.

Cohesion is managed very well and there is a strong progression throughout the piece, with fully sufficient paragraphing excellent use of cohesive features [this problem | those occupations | help facilitate this | some of the high tech workers].

Vocabulary is used with great sophistication and style throughout [conundrum | incentivized | societal need | benefit significantly].

There is a wide range of structures used with full precision and control [when living in urban areas | while large numbers of people living in cities poses problems | to locate to sparsely populated regions].