You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie chart shows the percentage of persons arrested in the five years ending 1994 and the bar chart shows the most recent reasons for arrest.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The diagram illustrates the percentage of males and females who were arrested from 1989 to 1994, while the bar chart compares the main reasons that the different genders were arrested for. It is evident from the charts that more males were arrested than females and that public drinking was the most common reason for arrest for both.
The proportion of males arrested was much greater than for females with approximately 32% arrested compared with only 9% for women. In terms of reasons for these arrests, there were some clear differences between men and women. Men had a much higher rate of arrest for driving while under the influence of alcohol, 26% compared with 14% for females. Breach of order, theft, and other reasons were marginally higher for men also ranging from roughly 12-18% for both sexes. In contrast, women experienced higher percentages of arrests for crimes such as assault and public drinking however figures for assault were quite similar at approximately 18%. Public drinking represented the main source of arrests, with women at a massive 38%, compared to 31% for men. In a small percentage of cases, no reason was given as to why the person, male or female, was arrested.
Coherence and Cohesion 9
Grammatical Range and Accuracy 9
All aspects of the task were met fully and sufficiently. Key features were well summarized and highlighted. Nothing could reasonably be added to improve the task
The message can be followed effortlessly. There is a wide range of cohesive devices [the most common reason…for both | In terms of…| In contrast | such as | quite similar]. Paragraphing was sufficient for the task.
There is a wide range of lexical resource used with full flexibility and precision [different genders | clear differences | marginally higher | a massive 38%].
Structures are used flexibly and accurately throughout [the main reasons that the different genders were arrested | women experienced higher percentages of arrests for crimes | no reason was given as to why…].
Task 2: Some people think that children should start school at a very early age, but others believe that children should not go to school until they are older. Discuss both these views and give your opinion
Nowadays, many people are of the opinion that children should not start primary school until they are six or seven-years-old while others argue that they should begin their education a soon as they are ready. In my opinion that children should not be allowed to start school until they are mentally and physically ready however I will discuss both sides of the argument in the following paragraphs.
One of the main reasons for not letting children start too early is the potential damage it can cause.
For example, if they start to learn too young the pressure to perform in class is intensified from an early age. The stress of exams and general class performance can lead to health issues and this is particularly worrying for young children. As a result, the strain on a child to excel academically should be done only when the child is ready to handle such responsibilities.
In addition to this, most western models of education don’t focus on learning through interactive activities. Most children straight away study academic subjects whereas in other countries young students are encouraged to learn through play. This ‘too much, too soon’ culture is dangerous for young age groups and in addition to testing, promotes a sense of stress and fear around learning.
On the other hand, there are numerous benefits for children starting school early. One example of this is they have additional time to familiarize themselves with school life, schedules, timetables, exams and other things that they have to take charge of. An outcome of this would be a student who has had more time to mature and become independent. This is more important as the child gets older. Secondly, it is beneficial for children to begin learning core academic subjects from an early age. Subjects such as their native language, basic numerical skills and these days, technology are all essential in today's society. It can be argued that the sooner a child hones these skills, the quicker they develop and perform better in school. In addition to this, learning at a young age may mean that there is further capacity for knowledge as they get older having health with basic subjects at an early age.
All in all, the decision of when to send your child to school is an important one and certain factors should be taken into consideration as to how it will affect the child mentally and physically. In my opinion, each child has different needs and different requirements as to how they learn and develop. Therefore it should be a combined effort from parents and educational experts to determine when a child is ready to begin their long journey of education.
Coherence and Cohesion 8
Grammatical Range and Accuracy 9
The task is addressed fully and sufficiently. All sides of the argument are considered at length and there is a clear position. Nothing could reasonably be added to improve it.
The message can be followed effortlessly, with a wide range of cohesive devices used [and this is particularly worrying | In addition to this | whereas | All in all | Therefore]. Paragraphing was not fully sufficient, so Band 8 is given.
There is a very wide range of lexical resource and good style and collocation [western models of education | hones these skills
There is a wide range of complex structures used [if they start to learn too young | a student who has had more time to mature | how it will affect the child]. Any mistakes are minor and do not impact on communication.