RES] IELTS Writing Actual Test at BC & IDP on 24.06.17
Task 1: Bar chart (Official Question)
The chart below shows predicted and actual figures for the population of three cities in the world in both years 1990 and 2000.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Scientists predict in the near future cars will be driven by computers, not people. Why? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
Some articles on self-driving cars:
Essay for task 1
The number of inhabitants in Jakarta, Shanghai and Sao Paulo in 1990 and a decade later, as well as predictions for the year 2000 that were made during the first year of the period, are illustrated in the bar chart. Overall, the population figures were highest for Sao Paulo, whereas the lowest numbers of people were living in Jakarta. In addition, the anticipated rises for all cities exceeded the actual figures recorded for the year 2000.
When looking at the projected increases, the least populated city, Jakarta, was expected to witness an almost two-fold increase, from 8 million people in 1990 to a figure of 14,000,000 by 2000. Experts also estimated that the population in Shanghai would experience a growth of 4 million people, rising to 17 million residents. Finally, forecasts suggested that Sao Paulo’s population, which almost doubled Jakarta’s in 1990, would climb by 9,000,000 to a total of 24 million by the year 2000.
Moving to analyse the actual changes that occurred over the period, the populace of Jakarta rose by only 3 million people, to a figure of 11 million. In contrast, Shanghai witnessed an opposite trend, with its population actually falling by 1,000,000 over the period to a figure of 12,000,000. Lastly, Sao Paulo experienced the same 3 million increase as Jakarta, rising to a figure of 18,000,000 residents.
Essay for task 2
The potential introduction of autonomous vehicles has provoked heated debated among experts, with many believing that they will soon become a viable possibility. This essay will detail the reasons advocates cite for pursuing this new technology, as well as my personal reservations.
There are two main arguments behind the development of driverless cars. The principal benefit is claimed to be improved road safety. This is due to the fact that human error is the most common cause of road traffic accidents, therefore by removing this element from the equation, designers believe countless collisions would be avoided. They maintain that modern supercomputers do not suffer from fatigue or become distracted, unlike their human counterparts. Additionally, proponents of computer-controlled vehicles also argue that they could ease congestion. They claim that this technology would allow vehicles to work collaboratively to make the most efficient use of all available routes, thus reducing traffic jams. While drivers frequently select their routes based on the shortest distance to their destination, computed-operated cars would take a more pragmatic approach, armed with the real-time knowledge required to avoid areas of heavy traffic.
Despite the perceived gains outlined above, I would argue that allowing computers to replace the power of the human brain in automotive applications would be unwise. Firstly, modern computing technology is not infallible. Software and hardware problems can occur, and if drivers were allowed to relinquish all control of their cars, potentially fatal accidents could occur. Sadly, an example of this has already been witnessed in Florida, where a motorist was killed in a crash while his car’s autopilot was driving. In addition, integrating these new vehicles in the current road infrastructure would be undeniably problematic. If automated cars shared roads with conventional means of transportation, any possible safety gains would be negated. The only solution to this would be to segregate self-driving vehicles in their own lanes or on their own highways. This, however, would put increased pressure on already inadequate road networks, which would lead to increased congestion for the average road user.
To conclude, there has been a trend towards increased automation in the vehicle industry in recent years, with claims that there could soon be no need for any driver input at all. While there are some sound arguments made to support this development, I firmly believe that taking the responsibility for safety away from drivers would be a mistake.